Transparency relates with the quality to see the truth. Then, lack of transparency is the quality of being obscure in meaning.
The corporate or business meaning of transparency is about knowing how things are done and what is the accountability for it. Transparency refers internally to how the companies are behaving, and externally to explain or publish this behavior.
In the fashion industry, with a complex and global supply chain, transparency means to be sure about where the products are made, who is making them, under what conditions. In sum, to be able to trace the products and to communicate it.
According to the not-for-profit organization Fashion Revolution, Transparency is defined as “the public discourse of credible, comprehensive and comparable data and information about fashion’s supply chains, business practices and the impacts of these practices on workers, communities and the environment.” Transparency “implies openness, communication and accountability across the supply chain and with the public too” (Fashion Revolution. Fashion Transparency Index 2021).
Transparency has been linked with Compliance. Several institutional norms and regulations, for instance the Textile Regulation (EU) No 1007/2011, talk about the need of transparency for the fashion industry.