Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) is a partnership between farmers and consumers in which the responsibilities, risks, and benefits of agriculture are shared.
The origin of Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) came from Japan in the late 1960s, but the same ideas “were articulated in the 1920s by Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925), and then actively cultivated in post-WW II Europe in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s.” https://rodaleinstitute.org/blog/the-history-of-community-supported-agriculture/
“The modern CSA originated in Japan. In 1971, Teruo Ichiraku (1906–1994), a philosopher and a leader of agricultural cooperatives, alerted consumers to the dangers of the chemicals used in agriculture and set off the movement for an organic agriculture. Three years later, concerned housewives joined with farmers to form the first Teikei projects. That same year, Yoshinori Kaneko realized that his family farm, besides providing for the subsistence of his own family, could also supply other people. He calculated that the farm produced enough rice for ten more families. To recruit local housewives, he invited them to join a reading circle, where they discussed such themes as ‘Oneness of Body and Environment’, the value of whole foods, and the healthfulness of the traditional Japanese diet.” https://urgenci.net/csa-history/
These women created the ‘Teikei’ group – Teikei means “cooperation” in Japanese.